Perioperative Articles

Cardiac Risk Assessment

ACC/AHA Guidelines:  Fleisher LA, et al. 2014 ACC/AHA guideline on perioperative cardiovascular evaluation and management of patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2014;130(24):2215-45

RCRI score derivation: Lee TH, Marcantonio ER, Mangione CM, et al. Derivation and prospective validation of a simple index for prediction of cardiac risk of major noncardiac surgery. Circulation 1999;100:1043–1049

CARP trial: McFalls EO, et al. Coronary-artery revascularization before elective major vascular surgery. N Engl J Med. 2004;351(27):2795-804

Review article: Devereaux P and Sessler DI. Cardiac complications in patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. N Engl J Med 2015;373:2258-2269

NSQIP calculator: Bilimoria KY, et al. Development and evaluation of the universal ACS NSQIP surgical risk calculator: a decision aid and informed consent tool for patients and surgeons. J Am Coll Surg. 2013;217(5):833-42.e1-3. Epub 2013 Sep 18

Perioperative BNP measurement: Rodseth RN, et al. The prognostic value of pre-operative and post-operative B-type natriuretic peptides in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: B-type natriuretic peptide and N-terminal fragment of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide: a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol 2014;63:170-80

Importance of functional status (published by UWMC providers): Reilly DR, et al. Self-reported exercise tolerance and the risk of serious perioperative complications. Arch Int Med.1999;159:2185-2192

Beta-blockers

ACC/AHA beta-blocker guidelines: Wijeysundera DN, Duncan D, Nkonde-Price C, et al. Perioperative betablockade in noncardiac surgery: a systematic review for the 2014 ACC/ AHA guideline on perioperative cardiovascular evaluation and management of patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2014;130:2246–64

POISE Trial: POISE Study Group, et al. Effects of extended-release metoprolol succinate in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery (POISE trial): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2008;371(9627):1839-47

Benefits/risks of beta-blockers: Lindenauer PK, et al. Perioperative beta-blocker therapy and mortality after major noncardiac surgery. N Engl J Med. 2005;353(4):349-61

Benefits/risks of beta-blockers: Friedell ML, et al. B-blockade and operative mortality in noncardiac surgery: harmful or helpful? JAMA Surg. 2015;150(7):658-664

Physiology of beta-blockers: London MJ, et al. Perioperative -adrenergic receptor blockade. Anesthesiology. 2004 Jan;100(1):170-5

Pulmonary Risk Assessment

Pulmonary Risk Assessment: Smetana GW, et al. Preoperative pulmonary risk stratification for noncardiothoracic surgery: systematic review for the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(8):581-95.

PERISCOPE risk score: Canet J, et al. Development and validation of a score to predict postoperative respiratory failure in a multicentre European cohort: A prospective, observational study. European Journal of Anaesthesiology. 2015;32(7), 458-470.